Title Construction and Evaluation of an Organic Anion Transporter 1 (OAT1)-Centered Metabolic Network.
Year of Publication 2016
Authors H.C. Liu; N. Jamshidi; Y. Chen; S.A. Eraly; S.Yee Cho; V. Bhatnagar; W. Wu; K.T. Bush; R. Abagyan; B.O. Palsson; S.K. Nigam
Journal PLoS Comput Biol
Abstract There has been a recent interest in the broader physiological importance of multispecific drug transporters of the SLC and ABC transporter families. Here, a novel multi-tiered systems biology approach was used to predict metabolites and signaling molecules potentially affected by the in vivo deletion of organic anion transporter 1 (Oat1, Slc22a6, originally NKT), a major kidney-expressed drug transporter. Validation of some predictions in wet-lab assays, together with re-evaluation of existing transport and knockout metabolomics data, generated an experimentally-validated, confidence-ranked set of OAT1-interacting endogenous compounds enabling construction of an OAT1-centered metabolic interaction network. Pathway and enrichment analysis indicated an important role for OAT1 in metabolism involving: the TCA cycle, tryptophan and other amino acids, fatty acids, prostaglandins, cyclic nucleotides, odorants, polyamines, and vitamins. The partly-validated reconstructed network is also consistent with a major role for OAT1 in modulating metabolic and signaling pathways involving uric acid, gut microbiome products and so-called uremic toxins accumulating in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Together, the findings are compatible with the hypothesized role of drug transporters in remote inter-organ and inter-organismal communication (the Remote Sensing and Signaling Hypothesis, Nigam SK. 2015, Nature Rev Drug Disc 14:29). The fact that OAT1 can affect many systemic biological pathways suggests that drug-metabolite interactions (DMI) need to be considered beyond simple competition for the drug transporter itself and may explain aspects of drug-induced metabolic syndromes. Our approach should provide novel mechanistic insights into the role of OAT1 and other drug transporters implicated in metabolic diseases like gout, diabetes and CKD.
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27440044?dopt=Abstract
PubMed ID 27440044